In this tutorial, you will learn how to use normal .NET partial views within a Umbraco CMS powered website. If you have worked on a vanilla MVC site, it is highly likely that you will have encountered a partial view. A partial view is the ASP.NET Frameworks mechanism to allow developers to add re-usable components to web pages. In this guide, you will learn about a simple pattern that will allow content editors to be able to drop MVC partials into a web page from within the CMS. If you want to learn how to easily work with partials within Umbraco CMS, read on 🔥🔥🔥

Partial Views Within Umbraco

The first step is to create a simple partial view:

To create a partial, create a view with a .cshtml extension here:

ViewPartials

Umbraco Macros

In order to give a content editor the ability to pick what partial view they want to have rendered on a page, we will need to create a Umbraco Macro. A macro is a reusable component that can be dropped into any rich-text property defined on any page. To learn more about macros in Umbraco read this tutorial. The code to create this macro is shown below:

To create a macro, you need to create a view with a cshtml extension. In this example, the view is called PartialViewMacroPicker.cshtml and it needs to be created here:

ViewsMacroPartials

This macro needs to be created with a single parameter. This parameter will be called partial view. This parameter will be used to allow content editors to pass in the name of the partial view that they want to be rendered on the page. On-Line 6, I've added a simple statement that checks the parameters value against a partial view name. If it matches, to follow a good architecture, I create a view model and then call the partial view. This approach means you will always need to update this file every time you introduce a new partial view. The benefit of this approach is that the code in the partial view can follow a better paradigm.

Create The Macro In Umbraco

The final step is to enable the macro in the CMS. To do this, load the Umbraco backend. In the development section, create a new macro. Add a parameter to this macro called partialView. Finally, associate the default macro view, PartialViewMacroPicker.cshtml 💥

If you are unsure about how to do this, a more detailed guide can be found here 😊

With the macro defined, you can add it to a page. Create a new page, or find an existing page that contains a text area and within it, click on the macro icon. Select the new macro and set the partialView parameter name to PartialViewExample. The next time the page gets rendered the macro view will be called, which in turn will render the MVC partial 💥

Displaying partial views within a page is simple and quick to implement, however, it can be a very powerful technique to allow custom layouts to be built within Umbraco. Using this approach, a content editor can have a lot more power over how a page is structured. Happy Coding 🤘